Java is the most popular and most used object-oriented programming language which was developed by James Gosling and colleagues at Sun Microsystems in the early 90s. In contrast to other typical programming languages that are usually developed either to be compiled to native (machine) code or to be translated or interpreted from source code during runtime, Java is meant to be compiled to a bytecode, that is then run (generally utilizing JIT compilation) by a Java Virtual Machine.
Java was initially started as a project known as "Oak" by James Gosling in June 1991. Gosling's goals were to implement a virtual machine and a language that had a well-recognized C-like notation but with greater flexibility, uniformity and simplicity compared to C/C++. Java's first public implementation was released as Java 1.0 in 1995 with the prime philosophy of "Write Once, Run Anywhere", with free runtimes on widespread platforms. Java 1.0 had been considerably secure and its security was configurable, permitted for networking but file access was limited. The major web browsers before long incorporated it into their standard configurations in a very secure "applet" configuration. Newer Java versions for large and small platforms (J2EE and J2ME) were designed soon enough with the arrival of "Java 2".
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